brute

[15] The primordial meaning of brute appears to be ‘heavy’. It comes from Latin brūtus ‘heavy’, and it has been speculated that it is related to Latin grāvis ‘heavy’ (from which English gets grave, gravity, and grieve). In Latin the sense ‘heavy’ had already progressed to ‘stupid’, and it later developed to ‘of the lower animals’. It was with this meaning that the word reached English via French. Connotations of ‘cruelty’ do not begin to appear until the 17th century. Brut meaning ‘very dry’ in relation to champagne is a late 19th-century borrowing of the French adjectival form brut, literally ‘rough’.

The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins. 2013.

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  • brute — brute …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • brute — [ bryt ] n. f. • 1669; brut 1559; de brut 1 ♦ Littér. L animal considéré dans ce qu il a de plus éloigné de l homme. ⇒ bête. « La création est une ascension perpétuelle, de la brute vers l homme, de l homme vers Dieu » (Hugo). 2 ♦ Personne… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Brute — Brute, a. [F. brut, nasc., brute, fem., raw, rough, rude, brutish, L. brutus stupid, irrational: cf. It. & Sp. bruto.] 1. Not having sensation; senseless; inanimate; unconscious; without intelligence or volition; as, the brute earth; the brute… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Brute — has several meanings:*Brute (anime), a series in development in 2007 by Studio SCANIME. * Brute (song), a 1995 single by the industrial music group KMFDM *Brute (comics), any of several comics characters from Marvel, Atlas/Seaboard and DC Comics …   Wikipedia

  • brute — BRUTE. s. f. Animal privé de la raison. Il tient moins de l homme que de la brute. Il n a pas plus de raison qu une brute. L instinct tient lieu de raison aux brutes. La raison fait une différence essentielle entre les hommes et les brutes.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • brute — brute·ly; brute·ness; im·brute; brute; …   English syllables

  • brute — au fig. sign. aussi, Despourveu de raison. Une beste brute. Il est quelquefois subst. & sig. beste. Il y a cette difference entre l homme & la brute que. les brutes sont sousmises à l homme. En ce sens il ne se dit que des bestes à quatre pieds.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Brute — Brute, n. 1. An animal destitute of human reason; any animal not human; esp. a quadruped; a beast. [1913 Webster] Brutes may be considered as either a[ e]rial, terrestrial, aquatic, or amphibious. Locke. [1913 Webster] 2. A brutal person; a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • brute — [bro͞ot] adj. [ME & OFr brut < L brutus, heavy, dull, irrational, via Osco Umb < IE base * gwer , heavy > Gr barys, L gravis] 1. lacking the ability to reason [a brute beast] 2. having no consciousness or feelings; insensate [the brute… …   English World dictionary

  • Brute — Brute, v. t. [For bruit.] To report; to bruit. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Brute — brute. war eine US amerikanische Rockband. brute. bestand aus Gitarrist Vic Chesnutt und Bassist David Schools, Gitarrist Michael Houser , John Herman (Percussions), Schlagzeuger Todd Nance und Sänger John Bell von der Band Widespread Panic. Sie… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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